This day in the History of the 2nd Intifada

January 22 2001

In Taba, Israeli, PA teams divide into 4 working groups on Jerusalem, borders, security guarantees, refugees; they exchange maps and working papers. The PA team issues a statement criticizing Clinton for "mistakes and failures" in earlier negotiations. (MM, USIS Washington File, HA, YA 1/22; MENA 1/22 in WNC 1/23; AYM, MENA 1/22 in WNC 1/24; MM, NYT, WP, WT 1/23; MEI 1/26) (see Doc. B4)

White House spokesman Ari Fleischer announces that Pres. Bush will begin looking into moving the U.S. emb. to Jerusalem but gives no further details. (HA 1/22; WJW 1/25) (see Peace Monitor)

Israeli-Palestinian clashes continue. Hamas takes responsibility for a roadside bombing today in Gaza that injures 1 IDF soldier. The IDF arrests 3 Palestinians fr. Shu`fat. (NYT, WP 1/23; ADM 2/5)

In Amman, the Jordan professional associations' antinormalization comm. publishes its 2d "list of shame," naming companies and individuals who have or are engaging in normalizing activities or promoting normalization with Israel. (DUS 1/25 in WNC 1/26; MM 1/26; JT 1/26 in WNC 1/29; FAV, MM 1/29; JT 1/29 in WNC 1/30; WT 1/31; JT 1/31 in WNC 2/1; JT 2/2 in WNC 2/5; MEI 2/9) (see 1/15; Peace Monitor)

January 22 2002

1 Palestinian killed.

The IDF raids an alleged explosives factory in Nablus, killing most-wanted Izzeddine al-Qassam Brigades West Bank head Yusif Suragji and 3 other Hamas mbrs.; the PA claims they were assassinated. Hamas vows to launch an "all-out war" against Israel. IDF withdraws to the outskirts of Tulkarm after a massive 24-hr. incursion but also fires on residential areas of Khan Yunis. In Ramallah, 1 IDF soldier is killed by IDF machine gun fire; the army says it is investigating the incident. (CNN, HA, MM 1/22; HA, NYT, WP, WT 1/23; PCHR 1/23; MEI 1/25)

In retaliation, an AMB gunman opens fire in West Jerusalem, wounding 16 Israelis before being fatally shot by Israeli police. Hamas spokesman `Abd al-`Aziz claims that the PA is actively tipping off the IDF to the location of Hamas operatives, granting the IDF entry to PA areas; threatens that Hamas will make sure the "conspirators . . . pay the price." In Nablus, 2,000 Palestinians angry over the deaths march on the local PA headquarters and PSF office demanding the release of 28 detained Hamas mbrs., torching 3 PSF cars. PSF officers shoot tear gas, stun grenades at the crowd, fire their weapons in the air, killing 1 Palestinian. To calm tensions, the PSF "temporarily" releases the brother of 1 of the Hamas mbrs. killed today so he may attend the funeral.

January 22 2003

1 Palestinian killed.

The IDF demolishes 2 Palestinian homes, 2 shacks nr. Ramallah and 2 homes, 1 shack nr. Hebron; blows up a dovecote containing a rifle, homemade pipe bombs, perhaps mortars in Dahaysha r.c.; blows up a storehouse containing chemicals, steel bearings that could possibly be used in manufacturing bombs; conducts arrest raids in the Bethlehem area (targeting Hamas mbrs.), Khan Yunis, Ramallah, Tulkarm; fires on residential areas of Rafah. A Palestinian dies of injuries received on 1/11. (HA, JTA, LAW, PCHR 1/22)

Palestinians fire a rocket at a Jewish settlement in Gaza, damaging 1 home.

January 22 2004

1 Palestinian killed.

The IDF pulls out of Rafah after 2 days, having found no smugglers tunnels; conducts arrest raids, fires on stone-throwing Palestinians, blows up a 5-story apartment building in Nablus; demolishes 2 buildings under construction nr. Tulkarm; conducts arrest raids nr. Khan Yunis. The IDF also fires on a group of Palestinian boys that strays too close to the Gaza border fence while hunting for birds, killing an 11-yr.-old Palestinian, wounding 2 (ages 12, 16); IDF officials say they cannot confirm the death, but state that soldiers do not issue a warning call or fire warning shots at Palestinians approaching the fence and that terrorists sometimes [have] dispatched children to test Israeli defenses. (HA 1/22; VOP 1/22 in WNC 1/24; HA, NYT 1/23; PR 1/28; LAW, PCHR 1/29)

Sharons chief of staff Weisglass meets with NSA Rice in Washington for further discussions on Sharons unilateral disengagement plan. (HA, MM 1/22; WP 1/23; JTA 1/26; HA 1/29)

January 22 2005

1 Palestinian killed.

The IDF fatally shoots a Palestinian near the separation wall in Qalqilya; clashes with Palestinians in Salim nr. Nablus, leaving 1 Palestinian wounded; conducts arrest raids, house searches in al-Bireh, Saida. A Jewish settler fr. Hebron seriously injures a 4-yr.-old Palestinian in a hit-and-run. (VOI 1/23 in WNC 1/24; OCHA 1/26; PCHR 1/27)

The AMB, DFLP, PFLP say they are ready to halt violence if the IDF halts military operations; Israel says it is considering the idea, with Sharon advisers Zalman Shoval and Maj. Gen. Giora Eiland saying "if there will be quiet on the Palestinian side, then there will be quiet on our side." (VOI, VOP 1/22, VOP 1/23 in WNC 1/24; NYT, WP 1/23; MM 1/24)

January 22 2006

1 Palestinian killed.

The IDF reopens the Erez and Sufa crossings into Gaza (closed on 1/18); launches missiles at a car in Gaza City, assassinating PRC mbr. Mahmud `Abd al-A'al, wounding 2 other PRC mbrs. and 3 bystanders; fires on 3 Palestinian teenagers approaching the Gaza border fence nr. Bureij r.c., wounding 1; fire shells fr. naval vessels at the Rafah shore, causing no damage or injuries; arrests Change and Reform candidate Muhammad Totah campaigning in East Jerusalem; bars an Alternative candidate fr. entering Jerusalem to attend a campaign rally; raids the East Jerusalem campaign offices of independent candidate `Abd al-Latif Ghaith and 9 campaign workers; conducts patrols in Rujib nr. Nablus, Zabbuba nr. Jenin (firing on residential areas); conducts arrest raids, house searches nr. Hebron, Jenin, Ramallah and in Nur al-Shams r.c., Tulkarm, Qalqilya, Qitna n. of Jerusalem. (AFP, HA, JP 1/22; NYT, WP 1/23; PCHR 1/26)

January 22 2007

1 Palestinian killed.

IDF troops on the n. Gaza border fire on a group of Palestinians collecting scrap metal in the fmr. Aley Sinai settlement, wounding 1. In the West Bank, the IDF demolishes 5 Palestinian homes in al-Jiftlik nr. Jericho, 2 homes and an 8-unit apartment building nr. Jerusalem; conducts arrest raids, house searches nr. Jenin, Nablus, Qalqilya (firing on stone-throwing Palestinian youths), Tulkarm. Jewish settlers under the protection of the IDF enter Joseph’s Tomb (transferred to PA control under he Oslo accords) nr. Nablus. A Palestinian militant dies of injuries received in an exchange with the IDF nr. Khan Yunis in 2006. (OCHA 1/24; PCHR 1/25; AIC 2/13)

Days after al-Arabiyya TV received threats fr. a caller denounced the station’s portrayal of Haniyeh in a recent broadcast, unidentified assailants detonate a device outside the station’s Gaza City office, causing no injuries; Hamas, the AMB denounce the attack.

January 22 2008

2 Palestinians killed.

With the UN Security Council set to open debate on a res. critical of Israels actions in Gaza, the Israeli DMin. authorizes the entry to Gaza of a weeks supply of cooking gas, fuel for hospitals and power plants, and 50 trucks of humanitarian aid. Meanwhile, the IDF makes an incursion into al-Shuka, firing on residential areas, conducting arrest raids, exchanging fire with local Palestinians, killing 1 armed Palestinian, wounding 1 Palestinian, arresting 16 (including 3 under age 18). (IFM, NYT 1/22; NYT, OCHA, WP, WT 1/23; PCHR 1/24)

Palestinians fire 17 rockets fr. Gaza into Israel, causing no damage or injuries. Some 5,000 Palestinian women storm the Rafah crossing, demanding that Egypt open it for departure of Palestinians seeking medical care abroad and the import of goods and food; Egyptian border police use clubs, water cannon to keep them at bay, injuring 9; Hamas-affiliated security forces fire in the air to disrupt the riot, wounding 1 Egyptian policeman. Palestinian Red Crescent Society employees across the West Bank stage sit-ins to protest PA salary payment problems. An Islamic Jihad mbr. wounded in a 1/20 IDF missile strike e. of Gaza City dies.

January 22 2009

Israeli gunboats shelled an area north-west of Gaza City, injuring seven Palestinians, including five fishermen. The Israeli military said it had been firing to deter a Palestinian fishing vessel that had strayed off-limits. Dr. Mu'awiyah Hassanain, the Director of Ambulance and Emergency Services of the Palestinian Health Ministry, said a shell fired by the boats had hit a house in Beach refugee camp and wounded a man and a girl walking in the street. Another shell landed 100 yards away in an empty area near a UN aid distribution centre. Gunboats have been firing off Gaza's shore for several days despite the ceasefire. (AP, Ma'an News Agency)

The Israeli Defense Ministry said Israel would allow journalists free access to the Gaza Strip through the Beit Hanoun (Erez) crossing beginning 23 January. (AFP)

Touring Gaza to assess what was most urgently needed in the Gaza Strip, United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs John Holmes called the steep Palestinian casualty toll from Israel's offensive "extremely shocking" and suggested the United Nations might ask Israel to compensate it for wartime damage to UN compounds in Gaza. Hundreds of tons of humanitarian aid were destroyed by Israeli shelling that struck the main UNRWA compound. "We want to make sure it is properly investigated and that we get proper accountability for it and proper compensation if it is needed, and I think it will be needed," Mr. Holmes told reporters. On the first day of a five-day trip to the region, Mr. Holmes said he was looking at immediate humanitarian needs and thinking about longer-term reconstruction in Gaza. The biggest concerns, he said, were providing clean water, sanitation, electricity and shelter to people displaced by the fighting. (AP)

"[The Gaza humanitarian needs assessment] mission was struck by the scale and urgency of the needs of the people of Gaza, and the heavy and multi-faceted impact that this conflict has had on the civilian population," according to a joint statement issued by Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs John Holmes and UN Special Coordinator for the Middle East Peace Process Robert Serry. Mr. Holmes told a press conference after touring Gaza: "[The Gaza Flash Appeal] will involve a very significant appeal for resources of hundreds of millions of dollars to address short term needs perhaps for the next six or nine months." He explained that OCHA hoped to speed up the aid process by distinguishing the "rapid response" of providing food and shelter from more long term reconstruction efforts which he saw as "more political." Between 100 and 120 trucks of goods were coming through the Kerem Shalom crossing daily, and via one conveyer belt at the Al-Muntar (Karni) crossing, as well as "reasonably" regular fuel deliveries from the Nahal Oz fuel delivery point. The Gaza Strip, noted Mr. Holmes, needed 500-600 trucks of goods per day in order to function at normal levels. UNRWA warehouses need to be almost totally replenished after being hit by what he had "little or no doubt" were white phosphorus shells. (AFP, Ma'an News Agency, UN News Centre)

In an interview with that appeared in Ma'ariv, Israeli Prime Minister Olmert said, "We have reached the real moment and I declare to the public and to the Saudi Arabian King that I am able to accept the Arab [Peace Initiative] that was confirmed in Riyadh as a way to negotiate and reach solutions based on Security Council resolutions 242 (1968) and 338 (1973)." (Ma'an News Agency)

Egypt's MENA news agency said Israeli envoy Amos Gilad had arrived in Cairo "for a short visit to meet with senior officials to discuss consolidating the ceasefire in Gaza." Egypt invited Hamas to Cairo for separate talks on shoring up the ceasefire, but the group would only send a delegation to Cairo on Sunday, 25 January, the Foreign Ministry said. Hamas postponed their visit to allow for more consultations between Egypt and Israel, a senior official told MENA. (AFP)

Egyptian Foreign Ministry spokesman Hossam Zaki said Foreign Minister Ahmed Aboul Gheit had assigned Assistant Foreign Minister Nehad Abdel Latif to organize an Egyptian-hosted conference in February on the reconstruction of Gaza. (www.mfa.gov.eg)

An adviser to Nobel Peace Prize Laureate Martti Ahtisaari said that he had been approached about participating in a possible Human Rights Council fact- finding mission to Gaza, after the Finnish news agency STT had quoted Mr. Ahtisaari as saying that any such mission would require the full cooperation of both the Israelis and Palestinians. (AP)

UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights of the Palestinian People in the Palestinian Territories Occupied since 1967 Richard Falk said compelling evidence that Israel's actions in Gaza violated international humanitarian law required an independent investigation into whether they amounted to war crimes. "I believe that there is the prima facie case for reaching that conclusion," he told a Geneva news conference. Mr. Falk said Israel had made no effort to allow civilians to escape the fighting. (Reuters)

US President Obama said: "Going forward, the outline for a durable ceasefire is clear: Hamas must end its rocket fire; Israel will complete the withdrawal of its forces from Gaza; the United States and our partners will support a credible anti-smuggling and interdiction regime, so that Hamas cannot rearm… Now we must extend a hand of opportunity to those who seek peace. As part of a lasting ceasefire, Gaza's border crossings should be open to allow the flow of aid and commerce, with an appropriate monitoring regime, with the international and Palestinian Authority participating… The United States will fully support an international donor's conference to seek short-term humanitarian assistance and long-term reconstruction for the Palestinian economy. This assistance will be provided to and guided by the Palestinian Authority." (www.washingtonpost.com)

US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announced the appointment of George Mitchell as Special Envoy for Middle East Peace. "We welcome this appointment. He's someone with experience of the Israel-Palestinian question and the settlement of political conflicts," Ahmed Qureia, head of the Palestinian negotiating team, told AFP. "We have already worked with him as the author of the Mitchell report which called for a freeze of Israeli settlements on Palestinian territory and the withdrawal of the Israeli army from West Bank towns," he said. Israel welcomed not only Mr. Mitchell but also US President Obama's move to "engage actively" in peace negotiations, Foreign Ministry spokesman Ygal Palmor said. In Washington, President Obama said Mr. Mitchell would be sent to the region "as soon as possible" to ensure a durable and sustainable ceasefire in Gaza. (AFP, www.state.gov)

Yemen announced a new initiative calling on Fatah and Hamas to resume dialogue and form a national unity government. Based on the previous Yemeni initiative, the plan called for the resumption of dialogue between all Palestinian groups, mainly the two factions, and proposes that the dialogue be sponsored by Egypt, Syria and Turkey. (DPA)

NEWS

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