This day in the History of the 2nd Intifada

March 22 2001

1 Palestinian killed.

Israeli-Palestinian clashes intensify, especially around Khan Yunis, leaving 1 Palestinian dead. Sharon returns fr. his trip to the U.S., immediately goes into talks with his security cabinet. The IDF shells residential areas of Brazil, Khan Yunis. Jewish settlers bulldoze 2 olive groves nr. Elazar settlement. (AFP [Internet], HA, MM, WJW 3/22; WT 3/23)

March 22 2002

5 Palestinians killed.

An AMB suicide bomber detonates a device at an IDF checkpoint outside Jenin, wounding 1 IDF soldier. The IDF continues operations in PA-controlled areas nr. Hebron and Nablus, fatally shooting 1 Palestinian. The IDF fatally shoots another 2 Palestinians in separate incidents in Gaza; a 5th Palestinian dies of injuries received on 3/21. (ITAR-TASS 3/22 in WNC 3/25; HP, LAW, NYT, WP, WT 3/23; PCHR 3/27)

March 22 2003

1 Palestinian killed.

Palestinians report that the IDF seems to have been imposing a system of “creeping curfews” over the past few days, placing 24-hr. curfews on an increasing number of areas, including Hebron, Jenin, Qalqilya, Yabad. The IDF raids a home in Dayr al-Balah, causing a Palestinian to suffer a fatal heart attack; fires on Palestinians violating the curfew in Qalqilya to buy food, injuring 2; conducts arrest raids nr. Rafah; demolishes a cement factory in Gaza City; bulldozes 15 dunams of olive groves nr. Shuhada Junction. (PM 3/22; PCHR 3/27; LAW 3/28)

March 22 2004

13 Palestinians killed.

The IDF assassinates Hamas spiritual leader and founder Shaykh Ahmad Yasin, firing 3 internationally banned flechette missiles at him as he leaves a Gaza City mosque after morning prayers, also killing 3 bodyguards, 4 bystanders, wounding at least 17 Palestinians, including Yasin’s 2 sons. Immediately, 100,000s of Palestinians take to the streets throughout the territories to protest the assassination. The IDF seals Gaza; clashes with Palestinian demonstrators in Balata r.c. (killing an al-Najah Radio correspondent in Balata r.c., apparently thinking his mobile phone was a weapon), Bethlehem, Dayr al-Balah, Hebron (fatally shooting 1 Palestinian watching fr. his balcony), Jenin, Khan Yunis (killing 3 Palestinians), Nablus; fires on residential areas of Rafah, Qalqilya, Tal Zu’rub; imposes a curfew on areas around Jenin, fires on residential areas; temporarily occupies a Palestinian home as an IDF post nr. Dayr al-Balah. 100s of Palestinian youths in East Jerusalem gather at checkpoints to throw stones at IDF soldiers; Palestinian prisoners in 2 Israeli jails riot. Palestinians fire Qassam rockets, mortars, antitank rockets at Gush Katif and Netzarim settlements, nearby IDF posts, the western Negev, damaging 2 apartments in Netzarim but causing no injuries. An ax-wielding Palestinian fr. the West Bank village of Bidiyya wounds 3 Israelis outside an army base in Tel Aviv before being arrested. An unidentified assailant said to be Arab stabs, lightly wounds 3 Israelis on a Jaffa bus. 4 Palestinians are arrested for beating up a Jewish settler in East Jerusalem. Jewish settlers detain, beat a Palestinian man in the Jordan Valley. An estimated 200,000 Palestinians, including reps. of all Palestinian factions, take part in Yasin’s funeral services later in the day, with 21 PSF officers forming an honor guard for Yasin’s coffin, Gaza churches ringing their bells, mosques broadcasting Qur’anic verses. Meanwhile, Israeli defense chiefs meet, agree to target the entire remaining Hamas leadership immediately, without waiting for another Hamas attack. Israel also announces that it will close the only mental health clinic serving East Jerusalem Palestinians (1,200 patients) because of “security concerns.” (AP, BBC, CSM, HA, MA, MM, NYT, REU, WP, WT 3/22; AP, ATL, ITAR-TASS, MNR, MENA, IDF Radio, IRNA, ITAR-TASS, JP, VIRI, VOI, VOP, XIN 3/22 in WNC 3/24; al-Arabiyya TV [Dubai], Syrian Arab News Agency 3/22 in WNC 4/27; AFP, BBC, CSM, HA, JT, MM, NYT, WP, WT 3/23; AFP, AYM, DUS, HA, al-Hayat al-Jadida, JT, MA, MENA, al-Ra’i, THWR, TSHR, VIRI, YA 3/23 in WNC 3/25; MM, NYT, PR, WP 3/24; ATL, ITAR-TASS, Izvestiya, JT, al-Ra’i, SA, VOP, XIN 3/24 in WNC 3/26; AYM 3/24 in WNC 4/3; JT, MM, PCHR, WJW 3/25; ITAR-TASS, MENA, NHR, VIRI 3/25 in WNC 3/27; MM 3/26; MNR 3/27 in WNC 3/30; AYM 3/30, VOP 3/31 in WNC 4/2; MEI 4/2; PCHR 4/15)

In Washington, Shalom holds further talks on Sharon’s disengagement plan with VP Dick Cheney, Powell, Rice. (WP 3/23)

March 22 2005

The IDF, PA security officers hold a ceremony to jointly unlock the gate (set up after the outbreak of the al-Aqsa intifada, locked since 2001) on the Anabta–Tulkarm road, finalizing the transfer of security control over Tulkarm; the IDF sets up a checkpoint 30 m. down the road to check Palestinian IDs; all other checkpoints into and out of the city, all villages surrounding Tulkarm remain under Israeli control. The IDF demolishes 2 Palestinian homes in Silwan; uproots 300 olive trees in Surif nr. Hebron for construction of the separation wall; issues a military order confiscating a plot of land (exact size not specified) in Nahalin w. of Bethlehem for construction of the separation wall, citing the 1950 Absentee Property Law (see Quarterly Update in JPS 135). Jewish settlers fr. Ma'on spread poisoned food pellets on 30 d. of Palestinians grazing land. The IDF says that the PA security forces have sealed 18 smuggler's tunnels to date. (HA 3/22; HA, OCHA, PR 3/23; PCHR 3/24)

March 22 2006

1 Palestinian killed.

The IDF raids Aqabat Jabir r.c. nr. Jericho, fatally shoots wanted Islamic Jihad mbr. Ramadan Mutayr in an apparent assassination; 2 other Islamic Jihad mbrs. are arrested. The IDF also demolishes 2 Palestinian homes in Walaja nr. Bethlehem; conducts arrest raids, house searches nr. Ramallah, in and around Nablus and Tulkarm, and nr. Bethlehem, Hebron. (IMEMC 3/22; VOP 3/22 in WNC 3/23; NYT, PCHR 3/23; PCHR 3/30)

March 22 2007

IDF troops on the n. Gaza border fire on Palestinians collecting scrap metal who stray nr. the border fence n. of Bayt Lahiya, wounding 1. In the West Bank, the IDF partially demolishes a Palestinian home in Ibaydiyya nr. Bethlehem; conducts arrest raids, house searches in and around Nablus and neighboring ‘Askar r.c., in Bayt Fajjar and Dahaysha r.c. nr. Bethlehem, in Hebron, and nr. al-Fawar r.c. (shooting, wounding 1 Palestinian). (NYT, WP 3/23; OCHA 3/28; PCHR 3/29)

In Bureij r.c., a Palestinian is injured when an explosive device he is handling explodes prematurely. Fatah, ESF mbrs. clash in n. Gaza for a 2d day, leaving a 2-yr.-old Palestinian boy dead, 6 Palestinians injured. In Gaza City, ESF mbrs. exchange fire with a Fatah-affiliated family, killing 1 Palestinian; unidentified gunmen halt, seize a UN vehicle, leaving the Palestinian UN employee unharmed. Outside Gaza City, a PRC mbr. is shot dead in apparent factional violence. In Khan Yunis, unidentified gunmen shoot, wound a PSF officer.

March 22 2008

In the West Bank, the IDF enters Azun nr. Qalqilya, imposes a curfew, fires on residential areas (wounding 1 Palestinian), searching several homes, but making no arrests; conducts late-night arrest raids, house searches in Jenin town and r.c. (breaking into the offices of an Islamic charity, confiscating a computer, documents), nr. Nablus. For a 2d day, Jewish settlers in Hebron vandalize Palestinian property and attack local Palestinians; the IDF observes but does not intervene. (OCHA 3/26; PCHR 3/27)

March 22 2009

Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak issued an order against demolishing Israeli homes built on Palestinian land in the “Ofra” settlement in the West Bank, saying that the matter must be investigated before such action was taken. The order was made in response to a petition submitted last June by five residents of the nearby Palestinian village of Ein Yabrud and the Israeli human rights groups Yesh Din and B’Tselem, demanding that the High Court of Justice instruct the State to evacuate the settlement. (Haaretz)

Hamas spokesman Fawzi Barhoom announced that there would be a new round of talks between Palestinian factions in Cairo this week aimed at ending a factional split. (Ma’an News Agency)


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