This day in the History of the 2nd Intifada

September 28 2000

1 Israeli killed.

With the authorization of Barak and Ben-Ami (who is also Israel's internal security M), Likud MK Sharon leads a group of Likud MKs into the Haram al-Sharif/Temple Mount under heavy escort and police helicopter guard to assert Israeli sovereignty over the disputed site. 1,000 Israeli riot police are deployed on the buildings surrounding the mosque compound. Sharon attempts to enter the Marwani Mosque (which some Jews consider to be the site of Solomon's stables) but is barred by 200 Palestinians, including several Israeli Arab MKs, who sit peacefully in his path. After Sharon leaves, Palestinians scuffle with and throw stones at police, who fire tear gas, rubber bullets at them. 24 Palestinians, 25 policemen are injured. Rioting spreads throughout East Jerusalem and to Ramallah, where 6 Palestinians are injured. (IsRN, LAW, MA [Internet], MM 9/28; HJ 9/28, al-Quds, MENA 9/29 in WNC 10/2; CSM, NYT, WP, WT 9/29; WP 10/1; NYT 10/3; WJW 10/5; MEI 10/13)

Rachelim settlement issues tenders for construction of 14 new housing units and related infrastructure. (IsRN 9/28)

In Washington, the Israeli, PA delegations end consultations with the U.S. peace team, return home. (REU 9/28; NYT 10/2; WP 10/22)

In Gaza, another roadside bomb explodes nr. an IDF patrol causing no injuries. An IDF soldier injured by a roadside bomb on 9/27 dies. (WP, WT 9/29)

September 28 2001

7 Palestinians killed.

The IDF kills a total of 6 Palestinians, wounds more than 100 (at least 50% with live ammunition) in confronting demonstrations across the West Bank, Gaza marking the 1st anniversary of the al-Aqsa intifada. (In Nablus alone, 10,000 Palestinians rally.) A 7th Palestinian dies in a mysterious explosion. The worst fighting is in Hebron (where the IDF shells residential areas, killing 2; and Palestinians fire on 2 vehicles, lightly injuring 2 Jewish settlers), Qarni crossing, Rafah (where an IDF tank reportedly fires into a crowd, killing 3 Palestinians). In Rafah, some 150 Palestinians clash with PSF officers attempting to disperse demonstrators, vandalize 3 empty PSF offices. The IDF also conducts arrest raids in Bethlehem, Salfit. Jewish settlers destroy 100 dunams of Palestinian crop land, several greenhouses nr. Mihula. (HP, MM 9/28; HP, NYT, WP, WT 9/29; Le Monde 9/29 in WNC 10/2; HP, WP, WT 9/30; al-Quds 9/30 in WNC 10/1; MM 10/1; IRNA 10/3 in WNC 10/4; HA 10/21)

Despite increasing violence, Israel, the PA reconvene the trilateral security comm. for the 1st time since 7/25. Arafat issues another statement calling on Palestinian to adhere to the cease-fire. (AFP, MM 9/28; HP, NYT, WP, WT 9/29; MM 10/1)

Demonstrations across the West Bank, Gaza marking the 1st anniversary of the al-Aqsa intifada. (In Nablus alone, 10,000 Palestinians rally.)

September 28 2002

2 Palestinians killed.

In Gaza, the IDF fatally shoots 1 Palestinian youth protesting at Shuhada Junction; fires on residential areas in Rafah, killing 1 Palestinian, wounding 22; shells residential areas of Khan Yunis, injuring 7; fires on youths protesting in Bayt Lahia, injuring 10; detains, questions, destroys the camera of a Palestine TV cameraman. (NYT, WT 9/29; LAW, PCHR 10/2; PCHR 10/3)

10,000s of Palestinians across the West Bank, Gaza rally to mark the 2d anniversary of the al-Aqsa intifada; 50,000 turn out for the largest rally in Gaza City; several 1,000 Palestinian children hold a candle light march in Jericho.

September 28 2003

The IDF sends tanks into, fires on residential areas of Jenin, al-Maghazi r.c., Nablus; fires on stone-throwing Palestinian youths in Bayt Furik, wounding a 12-yr.-old; searches a home, assaults a Palestinian in Shaykh Ajlin; bulldozes 3 dunams of land in al-Maghazi r.c., an olive grove and road in al-Mughraqa. (WP, WT 9/29; PCHR 10/2)

On the 3d anniversary of the outbreak of the al-Aqsa intifada, 1,000s of Palestinians across the occupied territories stage rallies in support of Arafat. Palestinians fire 5 mortars at Gush Katif, causing no damage or injuries.

September 28 2004

3 Palestinians killed.

The al-Aqsa intifada enters its 5th yr. The IDF continues operations in Jenin, searching homes, arresting some 80 Palestinians, fatally shooting a mentally handicapped Palestinian who leaves his Jenin home after dark during the curfew (ongoing since 9/25); the death brings Palestinians to the streets to riot; the IDF fires on protesters (killing a 17-yr.-old Palestinian, wounding 6), blows up a Palestinian home. The IDF also raids Nablus, arrests, then fatally shoots wanted AMB mbr. Majdi Khalifa in an outright execution; sends troops into Shaykh Ajlin nr. Gaza City; conducts arrest raids, house searches in Jenin town and r.c., Tulkarm r.c. and villages around Nablus, Ramallah. Late in the evening, the IDF sends 30 tanks into Bayt Hanun, Jabaliya r.c. in response, also cutting electricity to n. Gaza. Jewish settlers fr. Itamar burn 100s of d. of olive groves belonging to nearby Bayt Furik. (AP, HA, MM, PM, REU 9/28; AFP, VOI, VOP 9/28 in WNC 9/30; MM, NYT, PR, PRCS, WP, WT 9/29; VOI, YA 9/29 in WNC 10/1; PCHR, WJW 9/30; PCHR 10/1)

Palestinians fire at least 4 Qassam rockets at Sederot, damaging a house but causing no injuries. Palestinians release without comment CNN producer Ali (kidnapped on 9/27), who says his captors were AMB mbrs.; the AMB denies this.

September 28 2005

1 Israeli killed.

Overnight, IDF helicopters fire missiles at a Fatah office and a PA security forces building in Gaza City, a PFLP office in Bureij r.c., a bridge in Bayt Hanun, several open fields and empty buildings in n. Gaza; the predawn air strikes on Gaza City cut electricity. In the West Bank, the IDF makes coordinated raids on at least 8 Islamic charitable institutions in and around Hebron and in Bethlehem, Qalqilya, Tulkarm, sealing the offices and confiscating computers, files, and office equipment. The IDF says that it is prepared to bombard civilian areas of Gaza if rocket fire does not cease. The PA denounces Israel for detaining at least 30 Hamas campaign officials and 17 candidates in upcoming municipal and legislative elections during the past wk. of arrest raids; Israel says it has detained 415 Palestinians since 9/23, including some 250 Hamas mbrs. (AFP, AP, JAZ, WP 9/28; NYT, PCHR, WP, WT 9/29; WT 10/2; PCHR 10/6; MEI 10/12)

Hamas affirms responsibility for the killing of an Israeli kidnapped on 9/21 and found nr. Ramallah on 9/26, claims that he was a Shin Bet officer.

September 28 2006

In the West Bank, the IDF patrols in al-Fara‘a r.c., firing on stone-throwing Palestinians who confront them, wounding 2 (ages 11, 14); conducts arrest raids, house searches in and around Hebron, Nablus and in ‘Aqabat Jabir r.c. nr. Jericho, Qabatya (exchanging fire with Palestinian gunmen, wounding 1), Tubas. (NYT 9/29; WT 10/1; NYT 10/2; OCHA 10/4; PCHR 10/5)

As the PA begins paying civil servants another $350 portion of their overdue wages (with aid received fr. Qatar, Saudi Arabia), 100s of Fatah-affiliated PA police demonstrate in Gaza City against the Hamas-led government’s failure to pay their salaries, burning tires, overturning trash bins, blocking roads; the Hamas-led government accuses Abbas of holding back international aid run through his office that could be used to pay more back salaries owed in order to undermine Haniyeh (civil servants have received payments equivalent to 2 mos. salary over the past 7 mos.). A Palestinian dies of injuries received during clashes btwn. Fatah, the ESF on 9/22.

September 28 2007

1 Palestinian killed.

The IDF patrols in Kafr Dan nr. Jenin; fires rubber-coated steel bullets, percussion grenades, tear gas at Palestinian, Israeli, international activists taking part in the weekly nonviolent demonstrations against the separation wall in Bil`in, injuring 5. An Army of Islam mbr. dies of injuries received in an 9/26 IDF air strike on Gaza City. (OCHA 10/3; PCHR 10/4)

After nearly a wk. of talks with Quartet reps. and officials from Israel, the PA, Egypt, Jordan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and the UAE on the sidelines of UN mtgs. in New York, the Bush admin. formally announces that a Palestinian-Israeli peace summit has been planned for 11/15 in Annapolis, MD. (WT 9/29; see also NYT, WP, WT 9/24)

September 28 2008

Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak urged cabinet ministers to adopt a tougher stance on punishing West Bank settlers over violent acts against Palestinians. He cited the unruly behaviour of settlers who he said tended to take the law into their own hands, adding that the offenders have rarely been brought to court or tried for their actions. Mr. Barak also stressed that settler attacks on Israel Police officers and Israel Defense Forces soldiers stationed near settlements presented a danger to Israeli public service and that the Government must create an environment in which legal authorities work together to put offenders behind bars. (Haaretz)

The Israeli Navy fired shots at fishermen from Rafah and sunk their boat. The same day, two Palestinians were injured when clashes broke out between Israeli forces and Palestinian youth in the West Bank village of Bi'lin after dozens of Israeli military jeeps were used to close the streets and prevented worshippers from entering mosques for evening prayers. Two persons were taken to hospital. (Ma'an News Agency)

Outgoing Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert offered the Palestinians sovereignty over the Jordan Valley in exchange for Israel retaining three main settlement blocks in the West Bank: "Ariel", "Ma'aleh Adumim" and the "Gush Etzion". (Haaretz)

Israeli Likud leader Benjamin Netanyahu stated that he would resume building in existing West Bank settlements if elected prime minister. He referred to construction in Jerusalem when he was prime minister, saying that "in Jerusalem, which is now being treated like a settlement, I built "Har Homa" (Jabal Abu Ghneim), which protects Jerusalem from the South, and in addition, I also built the "Ma'aleh Hazeitim" neighbourhood." Mr. Netanyahu stated that there was currently no chance of a peace deal with the Palestinian Authority and therefore, the only option was an economic arrangement. In recent closed conversations, he had stated that he would not evacuate settlements in any peace deal. (The Jerusalem Post)

An Israeli court extended the detention of Ahmad Sa'adat, the Secretary-General of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. He had been due for release on 25 October. (Ma'an News Agency)


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