This day in the History of the 2nd Intifada

June 22 2001

2 Israelis killed.

The IDF responds to Gaza attack with tank, heavy machine gun fire, injuring 3 Palestinians; reimposes roadblocks in n. Gaza. The IDF enters a PA-controlled area of Gaza to demolish 3 Palestinian homes; directs shells, heavy machine gun fire at residential areas of Bayt Lahia; conducts an arrest raid in Silat al-Dahir. Jewish settlers block 3 West Bank roads, stoning Palestinian cars, setting fire to fields; open fire on Palestinian homes nr. Tulkarm, seriously injuring 1 Palestinian. (MM, PMC 6/22; LAW, NYT, WP, WT 6/23; MEI 6/29)

Shin Bet head Dichter gives PSF head Rajub a list of several dozen Palestinians whom he says the PA must arrest within 24 hrs. or Israel would act on its own to ensure its "self-defense." (NYT, WP, WT 6/25; MEI 6/29)

In Gaza, 2 IDF soldiers are killed, 1 is lightly wounded when a Hamas suicide bomber lures them toward his jeep and detonates a device, while snipers simultaneously fire on them.

June 22 2002

The IDF calls up 1,000 reservists in preparation for "crushing and decisive action" against the Palestinians; reoccupies Dura; shells residential areas of Khan Yunis, destroying several Palestinian homes; continues operations in Beitunia, Bethlehem, Jenin, Nablus, Qalqilya, Tulkarm; lifts curfews in most areas for several hrs. to allow Palestinians to resupply; lifts curfews entirely in Awarta, Hawara; imposes a 24-hr. curfew on Bayt Sahur. During the curfew break in 2 camps nr. Nablus, troops open fire on Palestinians for unknown reasons, wounding 8. (AFP 6/22; NYT, WP, WT 6/23; LAW 6/26; PCHR 6/27)

Over 150 people take part in the ground breaking for a new Jewish settlement n. of Jerusalem nr. Kochav Ya'acov. The new enclave is part of a new program to "transplant" entire Jewish communities, with their rabbis, to Israel. A New York rabbi raised the idea in his town, and 25 local families committed to purchase homes in the new settlement. Meretz MK Yossi Sarid offers to find them a safer location inside Israel, but they decline. (INN 6/22) (see 5/19)

June 22 2003

1 Palestinian killed.

Nr. Bayt Hanun, 4 AMB mbrs. are killed either when a roadside bomb they are planting explodes or when an IDF tank fires on them while they are planting a roadside bomb. In Gaza, a female IDF soldier forces a Palestinian woman to drink fr. a bottle of caustic liquid she is carrying in order to cross the checkpoint; the Palestinian is taken to the hospital with severe burns and convulsions, files a complaint; the soldier is arrested by IDF military police. The IDF fatally shoots a Palestinian nr. Morag settlement; demolishes 6 Palestinian homes in Khan Yunis; conducts arrest raids, house searches and bulldozes 3 dunams of land n. of Khan Yunis; raids dormitories at Birzeit University, arresting 80 students; fires on residential areas of al-Brazil, Rafah. (ITV 6/22 in WNC 6/24; HA, NYT, WP 6/23; MM 6/24; PR 6/25; PCHR 6/26; AKH 6/26 in WNC 6/28)

June 22 2004

3 Palestinians killed.

The IDF sends tanks, bulldozers into Bayt Hanun to raze 300 dunams of olive groves, side roads allegedly used by Palestinians who fire rockets at Sederot; fatally shoots 2 armed AMB mbrs. who confront the IDF patrol, wounding a 3d; fires on residential areas, mortally wounding a Palestinian, barring an ambulance fr. reaching him, allowing him to bleed to death; searches homes. The IDF also raids al-Quds Open University campus in Yatta, interrogates 10s of students, fires on stone-throwing students, wounding 3; conducts arrest raids, house searches nr. Hebron, Nablus, Salfit; issues confiscation orders for 300 dunams of Palestinian land s. of Nablus for construction of the separation wall; fires on Palestinian residential areas nr. Gazas Morag settlement; fires on Palestinian, Israeli, international peace activists staging a nonviolent protest against the separation wall nr. Azariyya. (JP, VOI 6/22 in WNC 6/24; HA, NYT, PR 6/23; PCHR 6/24)

June 22 2005

Israel announces that the IDF will resume targeting Islamic Jihad mbrs. for assassination. The PA warns that the move could rupture the unofficial cease-fire, but Israel argues that the targeting would still be in line with truce provisions, which it claims allow Israel to defend itself against imminent attack if the PA security forces fail to do so; the PA rejects this. Later, the IDF fires missiles at a group of Islamic Jihad mbrs. in Bayt Lahiya in an apparent assassination attempt. The IDF also conducts major arrest raids, house searches in Balata r.c. and Nablus, clashing with local gunmen, leaving no reported casualties; conducts other arrest raids, house searches in Hebron, nr. Jenin; demolishes 10 Palestinian homes in Jiftlik nr. Jericho; bulldozes 5 d. of land in, fires on residential areas of Khan Yunis; conducts patrols in Kafr Dik nr. Nablus, Tamun nr. Jenin. (AFP, HA, WP, WT, XIN 6/22; PCHR 6/23; VOP 6/23 in WNC 6/24; OCHA, PR 6/29; PHRC 6/30)

A Palestinian grabs the gun of an Israeli security guard at the Barkan industrial zone nr. Ariel settlement, shoots and wounds the guard, flees. Palestinian gunmen fire on an IDF outpost nr. Gush Katif, causing damage but no injuries. Palestinian gunmen fire on a building in Balata r.c. where Qurai` is giving a speech, detonate a roadside bomb as he and his convoy leave the area; no injuries are reported in either incident, no group claims responsibility.

June 22 2006

1 Palestinian killed.

The IDF sends an undercover unit into Ramallah in a car with Palestinian license plates, assassinates wanted AMB mbr. Ay- man Jabarin, shooting him 10 times; partially lifts the security alert on Rafah crossing, allowing EU monitors to open the crossing for several hrs.; conducts random ID checks in Hebron, seriously beating 1 Palestinian. Jewish settlers fr. Kiryat Arba vandalize several homes in the Palestinian section of Hebron. Jewish settlers fr. Ramat Yishai in Hebron beat 2 Palestinians. (IMEMC 6/22; HA 6/24; PCHR 6/29)

June 22 2007

1 Palestinian killed.

In Gaza, the IDF bulldozes Palestinian land 300 m. inside Gaza n. of Jabaliya r.c., occupying the area. In the West Bank, the IDF fatally shoots a Palestinian nr. Hebron who allegedly attempted to infiltrate an IDF post; conducts arrest raids, house searches nr. Ramallah, in Jenin town and r.c. (firing on residential areas, wounding a Palestinian woman inside her home), Nablus; fires rubber-coated steel bullets, percussion grenades, tear gas at Palestinian, Israeli, international activists attending the weekly nonviolent demonstration against the separation wall in Bil`in, injuring 2 internationals. Jewish settlers fr. Rachelim settlement nr. Nablus uproot and cart away 300 Palestinian olive trees fr. nearby Qaryut (the IDF secures the return of 140 trees). Jewish settlers fr. Yitzhar nr. Nablus cut down 20 Palestinian olive, almond trees in nearby Burkin village. Jewish settlers fr. Tekoa nr. Bethlehem set fire to 300 d. of nearby Palestinian agricultural land, including 400 olive trees. Jewish settlers fr. Ramat Yishai in Hebron burn 50 nearby Palestinian olive and almond trees. (WP 6/23; OCHA 6/27; PCHR 6/28)

Suspected Hamas mbrs. toss a homemade bomb at the Fatah offices in Qalqilya, causing damage but no injuries.

June 22 2008

Five Palestinians were injured by Israeli forces during a sit-in protest against the separation wall and land confiscation called by the Popular Committee for Resisting the Wall in the village of Bi'lin, west of Ramallah in the West Bank. Three protesters were hit by rubber-coated metal bullets, while two suffered from tear gas inhalation. An Israeli soldier was hit in the head by a stone. The demonstrations took place at the site of land slated to be confiscated on 24 June. (Ma'an News Agency)

Israeli forces at night raided a number of houses in the village of Ourta, south of Nablus, and arrested four Palestinians. (Ma'an News Agency)

The Israeli human rights group Public Committee Against Torture in Israel (PCATI) issued a report entitled "No Defence: Soldier Violence against Palestinian Detainees", showing that the IDF routinely used violence against bound Palestinian detainees and that the IDF, the Ministry of Defense and the Knesset were showing "almost absolute indifference" regarding such practices. The report contains testimonies by 90 Palestinians who were alleged to have been abused by IDF soldiers after being arrested during and after sweeps between June 2006 and October 2007. (Haaretz, www.stoptorture.org.il)

June 22 2009

Nizar Ayyash, head of the Palestinian fishermen’s union, said that Israeli warships had obstructed two fishing boats, taking four fishermen who were sailing off the Gaza City coast, to Israel’s Ashdod port. He said Israeli navy officers beat the fishermen and also confiscated their boats. (Ma’an News Agency)

Israeli soldiers checked the identities of a number of workers and residents in the Ash-Shuhada area of Jenin but no one was detained, according to local sources. Meanwhile, the IDF erected a military checkpoint in the area but soon removed it. Israeli forces seized 12 Palestinians from the villages of Safa and Deir Al-Asal Al-Fouqa in the West Bank after ransacking several homes. (Ma’an News Agency)

Israeli forces restored the Atara checkpoint north of Ramallah in the central West Bank, which had been removed earlier this month. Regardless, Palestinians were free to cross the checkpoint in both directions. (Ma’an News Agency)

Israeli Minister for Regional Development Silvan Shalom met with 20 European Union ambassadors and asked them to urge the Palestinians to resume the peace process. He told the EU Representatives that "if Europe wishes to be a key player in the political process it cannot categorically side with the Palestinians". According to Mr. Shalom, there was nothing standing in the way of renewing the peace process after Prime Minister Netanyahu had accepted the two-State solution. He told the ambassadors they had the ability to pressure the Palestinians into resuming political and economic negotiations. Mr. Shalom also discussed Israel's blockade on Gaza, saying Israel continued to ease restrictions on the transfer of goods to Gaza for humanitarian concerns. "Imagine that 5,000 rockets would have been fired on your countries and you would still have to provide food and other goods" the Minister said, adding, "We will not allow the transfer of iron and cement because these materials are later used against us in the form of fortification and producing weapons.” (Ynetnews)

Israeli authorities decided to partially open the Kerem Shalom and Nahal Oz crossing points into the Gaza Strip, while the Karni crossing would remain closed, according to Raed Fattouh, the Palestinian border crossings official. He said that 60 to 79 trucks loaded with humanitarian aid and commercial goods would pass through Kerem Shalom, while limited quantities of cooking gas, and industrial diesel for Gaza’s only power plant would be shipped through Nahal Oz. . (Ma’an News Agency)

A document before Israel's Supreme Court showed that the World Zionist Organization, acting as an agent of the Israeli Government, took private Palestinian land in the West Bank and gave it to Jewish settlers, even though the State itself had declared the property off-limits to settlement. T he contract reviewed by the Court authorized a Jewish couple to lease land in the settlement of “Ofra” where their home and eight others were in contention. When Israeli human rights groups and Palestinian owners of the land went to the Court to get the houses torn down, the Court gave the Government two weeks to explain the situation during which the couple hastily completed construction of the homes. Then, in another reversal, the Defence Ministry froze the demolition plan, and left the case no closer to resolution. The affair also threw a spotlight on the WZO, an international body that promoted Jewish education and immigration to Israel. (AP)

Under the protection of the IDF, Israeli settlers uprooted more than 150 olive and grape vines and set fires to a Palestinian land in Wadi Abu Ar-Rish near the settlement of “Bat Ayin,” south of Bethlehem, according to witnesses. The municipal government of Beit Ummar, within whose jurisdiction the land is located, issued a condemnation of the assault and called for an investigation. (Ma’an News Agency)

Israel’s Army Radio said the Government had plans to allocate $250 million over the next two years for settlements in the West Bank. The figure was contained in the 2009-2010 budget, which passed its first reading in the Knesset last week. Some $125 million was to be used for various security expenses, with most of the rest destined for housing construction, the Radio said. The Peace Now anti-settlement watchdog group said that the settlement spending in the two-year budget was likely to be higher and "spread over several sections of the budget." (AFP)

A group of activists on behalf of detained IDF Cpl. Shalit held demonstrations at crossings into the Gaza Strip as part of a commemoration of the three-year anniversary of the soldier's capture by Hamas. (Haaretz)

Israel sold Palestinians refugees’ properties, according to the Adalah legal centre, a human rights group. The organization said this was against Israeli and international law. The ownership of the properties was transferred to the Israeli Custodian of Absentee Properties which governed land and property issues, until a political solution was reached to the refugee issue. “The sale of Palestinian refugee properties (also) contradicts international humanitarian law, which stipulates the need to respect the right of private property and explicitly prohibits the final expropriation of private property following the termination of warfare,” Adalah stated, adding “Selling these properties constitutes the final expropriation of the right to property of Palestinian refugees, despite the special legal, historical and political status of these properties” (www.adalah.org, AFP)

In a press release, the Department of Humanitarian Affairs of the Organization of the Islamic Conference announced the completion of the first stage of its humanitarian programme to assist the Palestinian people in the Gaza Strip, namely the inauguration on 19 June of the first specialized eye hospital in the Gaza Strip. The hospital, the first of its kind in the Strip, provided eye treatment and surgery services. The OIC delegation visiting the Gaza Strip these days had also distributed medical equipments worth US$1.2 million on the hospitals of the Strip. (WAFA)

In an interview with Al-Jazeera TV, Azzam Al-Ahmed, Head of the PLC Fatah bloc said that PA President Abbas had ordered the release of all Hamas prisoners, including those held on security charges. Mr. Al-Ahmed who was charged with holding reconciliation talks with Hamas said the release would get underway in the coming days. (DPA)

PA Prime Minister Salam Fayyad said in a speech at Al-Quds University: "I call on all our people to unite around the project of establishing a State and to strengthen its institutions ... so that the Palestinian State becomes, by the end of next year or within two years at most, a reality.” He said his priority was Palestinian unity between the West Bank and Gaza Strip. In line with President Abbas' policy, he also said there would be no resumption of peace talks until Israel froze Jewish settlements in the occupied West Bank. (Reuters)

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